How to immigrate to Canada? The many intricacies that come into play while deciding how to immigrate to Canada make it a challenging issue to answer. And it is that, in addition to understanding the many types of visas, there are additional considerations such as the province of Canada to be chosen, educational level, nationality, age, English proficiency, financial resources, and even the individual or family’s personal circumstances.
IMMIGRATION TO CANADA GUIDE
1. What are the steps to immigrating to Canada?
2. Visa classifications
3. Emigrate on your own
4. Emigrate with your partner
5. Take your children with you when you emigrate (family)
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What is the best way to immigrate to Canada?
In this guide we are going to talk about exactly the ways that exist to migrate to Canada. We will not talk about cities, or courses for you to study or about the quality of life in Canada, let’s get to the point.
What options do I have to immigrate to Canada?
The essential requirement to immigrate to Canada is to know the types of visas available for your country of origin. There are Spanish-speaking countries such as Spain , Chile, Costa Rica , Mexico or Colombia that have programs or agreements that can facilitate the process.
However, it is important to understand the difference between entering Canada and migrating to Canada . Establishing yourself in the country and applying for Permanent Residence is a more expensive process that takes more time and money. If your goal is to emigrate, it is extremely important that you take into account from scratch the processes to obtain Permanent Residence .
Do I need an advisor to get the papers and immigrate to Canada?
As collected by the Ministry of Labor and Social Economy of Spain and other Latin countries, intermediaries are not necessary to process your process. From the website of the Canadian Ministry of Immigration you can find all the documents that are required.
However, you must bear in mind that it is a delicate, long-term process that requires a large number of paperwork in a language that is not our mother tongue. For this reason, there are migration agents verified by the Government of Canada who are the only ones legally authorized to advise on this process.
“It is advisable to be careful because there are unscrupulous people who try to take advantage of some interested in emigrating to Canada, so it is advisable to be very vigilant to avoid possible fraud .” Source: Government of Spain
Visa Classifications And Requirements
To enter legally we find up to 6 different types of ways to get it:
Many Spanish-speaking countries allow you to enter as a tourist for a maximum period of 6 months . There are some Latin countries that require a visa and others do not. In this case, a distinction is made between the eTA authorization ( Electronic Travel Authorization ) and the Visitor Visa .
For example, being Mexican , Spanish or Chilean is allowed to enter the country through the eTA electronic authorization . A mandatory electronic document to fly whether you are a tourist or have another type of visa to work, study, etc. Although it is important to know that this does not guarantee definitive access, since this decision is made by the immigration officer at the last moment.
On the other hand, countries such as Colombia , Costa Rica, Peru or Argentina allow access to the country through the Visitor Visa document granted by Canadian embassies and, as with the eTA, the final decision rests with the immigration staff.
Although the tourist visa is for a maximum of 6 months, an extension of the visa can be requested at least one month in advance. The tourist visa does not allow you to work legally.
2. International Experience Programs (IEC)
More than 30 countries from different continents such as Europe and America participate in the IEC (International Experience Canada) programs . Spain, Chile, Costa Rica participate in 3 categories of international programs aimed at young people between 18 and 35 years old ( Working Holiday , Young Professionals , International Co-Op ).
2.1 Working Holiday Visa
Visa for young people between the ages of 18 and 35 that allows them to enter the country for one year with a work permit .
2.2 Young Professionals
The Young Professional requires a job offer before entering the country and you must work for that same employer throughout your stay.
2.3 International Co-Op
They are professional internships in a company with the attraction of acquiring international experience in your professional field.
3. Student Visa
The Student Visa is the most used way to emigrate to Canada. It allows to live an experience of studying and working . To obtain this visa, you must first make an economic outlay , that is, pay the tuition for the College or University , the cost of which ranges between 6,000 CAD $ and 40,000 CAD $ per year for most programs.
To study and to work
Within the student visa we also classify the Career Program (Co-op) , they are training courses with a work permit that allow you to be able to cover your monthly expenses while you study a specialization and improve your English in a multicultural environment.
However, before choosing a study and work program , if your goal is to emigrate, it is important that you know if it will facilitate your process for Permanent Residence. There are programs with PGWP that, despite being more expensive, are a springboard to obtain Residence and be able to work for a longer time.
4. Other work permits
In addition to the IEC and some student visas that include work permits , the Canadian government is constantly working on new ways of collaborating with other nations to grant work permits to foreigners. Intra-Company Transfers or the International Mobility Program are some of the ways to access a work permit. Official information about Work Permits .
5. Express Entry
Express Entry is the main route to Canada for skilled workers managed by the IRCC . In addition, the value of this application is that it allows you to apply for Permanent Residence . Express Entry translated as Express Entry is a competitive immigration system that classifies applicants by measuring parameters such as age, education, language proficiency, work experience and other factors.
If you have qualified Canadian experience, it can be an excellent option to obtain residency. Link to the official website to make the request .
6. Foreign workers.
The last of the legal forms that we are going to analyze to work in Canada is the Temporary Foreign Worker Program , a recommended option when you are already in the country working for a company with the Working Holiday or the Young Professionals. This sponsorship occurs when there is a labor shortage and a local business sponsors you . It entails a series of requirements that in this case fall on the company, such as demonstrating that there is no Canadian citizen capable of performing said function. This is achieved through the LMIA . Although there is another similar International Mobility program that avoids the LMIA.